Some narrations reported from the Salaf in explanation of what it means to protect oneself and one’s family as mentioned in Al-Tahrîm verse 6:
O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels, stern and severe, and who disobey not the commands they receive from Allâh, but do that which they are commanded. [66:6]
· ‘Alî b. Abî Tâlib – Allah be pleased with him:
Discipline them, teach them.
· Ibn ‘Abbâs – Allah be pleased with them:
Stay obedient to Allâh, stay away from disobeying Allâh and command your families to remember Allâh, and He will save you from the Fire.
· Mujâhid – Allâh have mercy on him:
Fear Allâh and obey him (practice taqwâ) and tell your families to practice taqwâ.
· Qatâdah – Allâh have mercy on him:
A person protects his family by telling them to obey Allâh and forbidding them from disobeying Him. He upholds Allâh’s commandments and helps his family to uphold them. So if you see some disobedience of Allâh you stop them from doing it, and you reprimand them.
Al-Tabarî, Al-Tafsîr, Sûrah Al-Tahrîm.