The Opportunity of Fasting Ashura

It is reported that Imām Al-Zuhrī – Allāh have mercy on him – was traveling and fasted ʿĀshūrāʾ, so he was asked:

“How comes you fast the Day of ʿĀshūrāʾ when traveling but not so during the fast of Ramaḍān?” He replied, “For Ramaḍān, the number of days can be made up later, but ʿĀshūrāʾ will be missed.”

Al-Bayhaqī, Shuʿab Al-Īmān ḥadīth 3518.

The Merit of Night Prayer when others Sleep

It is reported that ‘Abdullâh b. Mas’ûd said:

Allâh the Mighty and Sublime laughs at two men [being pleased with them]: a man who stands in the middle of the night while his family sleeps; he purifies himself and stands in prayer, so Allâh laughs at him. And a man who meets the enemy [in battle] and his comrades are defeated; but he stands his ground until Allâh the Mighty and Sublime gives him martyrdom.

Abû Bakr Al-Âjurrî, Fadl Qiyâm Al-Layl, article 9.

Note: A longer version of this narration is reported from Allâh’s Messenger himself – praise and peace be upon him – in the Musnad of Ahmad and other collections. Shaykh Al-Albânî grades it good based on other corroboratory reports (hasan lighayrihi). See Sahîh Al-Targhîb wa Al-Tarhîb article 630.

Four Distinctions of Abu Bakr

It is reported that Al-Sha’bî – Allâh have mercy on him – said:

Allâh the Exalted distinguished Abû Bakr Al-Siddîq – Allâh be pleased with him – with four qualities He did not distinguish anyone else with: He called him Al-Siddîq (the true believer), and He never named anyone else Al-Siddîq; [Abû Bakr] was the companion of Allâh’s Messenger – praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – in the cave, and his companion during the Migration (Al-Hijrah); and Allâh’s Messenger – praise and peace of Allâh be upon him – told him to lead the prayer in the presence of the rest of the Muslims.

Abu Bakr Al-Daynûrî, Al-Mujâlasah wa Jawâhir Al-‘Ilm article 2815.