Some narrations reported from the Salaf in explanation of what it means to protect oneself and one’s family as mentioned in Al-Tahrīm verse 6:
O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels, stern and severe, and who disobey not the commands they receive from Allāh, but do that which they are commanded. [66:6]
· ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib – Allah be pleased with him:
Discipline them, teach them.
· Ibn ‘Abbās – Allah be pleased with them:
Stay obedient to Allāh, stay away from disobeying Allāh and command your families to remember Allāh, and He will save you from the Fire.
· Mujāhid – Allāh have mercy on him:
Fear Allāh and obey him (practice taqwā) and tell your families to practice taqwā.
· Qatādah – Allāh have mercy on him:
A person protects his family by telling them to obey Allāh and forbidding them from disobeying Him. He upholds Allāh’s commandments and helps his family to uphold them. So if you see some disobedience of Allāh you stop them from doing it, and you reprimand them.
Al-Ṭabarī, Al-Tafsīr, Sūrah Al-Taḥrīm.