Imām Mālik

Fathers for the Ummah

It is reported that Imām Mālik said:

I heard Rabīʿah b. ʿAbd Al-Raḥmān say, “The people under the care of their scholars are like children in the laps of their fathers.”

Ibn Baṭṭah, Al-Ibānah Al-Kubrā ḥadīth 40.

Risking your religion through Argumentation

Ma’n b. ‘Īsā reports

Mālik b. Anas was once returning from the mosque, leaning on my arm, when a man called Abū Al-Juwayrīyah who was accused of Al-Irjā` caught up with him. He said. “O Abū ʿAbdullāh, listen to something I have to say and debate with me and let me tell you my opinion.” [Imām] Mālik said, “And what if you overcome me?” The man replied, “If I defeat you, you follow me.” Mālik asked, “And what if another man comes and defeats us?” He replied, “Then we follow him.” To this, Mālik – Allāh’s mercy be upon him – said, “O servant of Allāh, Allāh sent Muḥammad – Allāh’s peace and blessings be upon him – with a single religion, but I see you moving from religion to religion. ʿUmar b. ʿAbd Al-‘Azīz said, ‘Whoever makes his religion the object of argumentation will frequently change it.’”

Al-Ājurrī, Ktāb Al-Sharī’ah Vol.1 p128.

Four People we shouldn’t take knowledge from

Imām Mālik – Allah have mercy on him – said:

Knowledge is not to be taken from four types of people: a foolish person who openly acts foolish, even if he reports the most narrations; an adherent of bid’ah who calls to his desires; a person who lies, even if I don’t accuse him of lying in ḥadīth; and a righteous pious worshipper who does not accurately retain what he narrates.

Al-Dhahabī , Siyar A’lām Al-Nubalā` in his biography of Imām Mālik.

Imām Mālik and Heretics

Imām Al-Shāfi’ī said:

Whenever any people of desires (heretics) came to Mālik he would say to them, “As for me, I am upon clarity as regards my religion. As for you, you are a doubter, go and argue with another doubter like yourself.”

Al-Dhahbī in Siyar A’lām Al-Nubalā’ under the biography of Imām Mālik.

Respect for Hadīth

Ma’n b. ‘Īsa Al-Qazzāz reports:

Whenever Mālik b. Anas – Allah have mercy on him – would sit to narrate ḥadīth he would bath and perfume himself. If anyone raised his voice in the gathering [Imām Mālik] would reprimand him and say, “Lower your voice, for Allah tabāraka wa ta’ālā said:

O Believers! Do not raise your voices over that of the Prophet [Sūrah Al-Ḥujarāt: 2]

Whoever raises his voice over the sound of the ḥadīth of Allah’s Messenger – peace and blessing be upon him, then it is as if he is raising his voice over that of the Prophet – peace and blessings be upon him.”

Nasr b. Ibrāhīm Al-Maqdisī in Mukhtasar Al-Hujjah ‘alā Tārik Al-Mahajjah Vol.1 p121.